A Short History of Bolaang Mongondow
The original inhabitants Bolaang Mongondow is came from the descendants Gumalangit with Tendeduata and Tumotoibokol with Tumotoibokat, initially living in the mountain Komasaan (Bintauna). Then spread to the east in Tudu in Lombagin, Buntalo, Pondoli ', Ginolantungan to inland Tudu in Passi, Tudu in Lolayan, Tudu in Sia', Tudu in Bumbungon, Mahag, Siniow and others. This switching event occurs approximately 8 and 9 century. Name of Bolaang comes from the word of "Bolango" or "Balangon" which means sea.
Bolaang or golaang can also means to be bright or opened and not darkness, while the Mongondow from the word of 'momondow' which means exclaim win sign. Bolaang village is located on the north beach that at 17th century until the late 19th century became the place of the king's palace, while the Mongondow village is located approximately 2 km south of Kotamobagu. The hinterland usually called with 'rata Mongondow'. By unification all the group of people that spread, both who live on the coast and in hinterland Mongondow under the government King of Tadohe, then this area is called Bolaang Mongondow.
Every clans was led by a descendant from a Bogani (male or female) selected from clan members by following requirements: have the physical ability (strong), brave, wisely, clever, and have a responsibility towards wellbeing and safety of the clan from the enemies disturbance . Mokodoludut is punu' Molantud appointed by agreement of all Bogani. Mokodoludut listed as a king (the first datu). Since Tompunu'on first until the seventh, the condition of society getting advanced in the presence of external influence (the foreigners). The total changes begin since Tadohe become Tompunu'on, caused by influence of the Netherlands traders changed the term of Tompunu'on become Datu (The King).
Tadohe is known an skilled Datu, the system farming arranged with began known the rice, corn and coconut that brought Spanish in the reign of Mokoagow (Tadohe's father). Tadohe do classification in the society, which the government (Kinalang) and folk (Paloko'). Paloko' must obedient and support the task of Kinalang, while Kinalang raising the subsistence of living Paloko' through development in all sectors, while the village head selected by the people. Tadohe successfully to unite all the people that live in groups with their Bogani respectively, and set up a new system of government. All of clans from Bolaang, Mongondow (Passi and Lolayan), Kotabunan, Dumoga, united into Bolaang Mongondow. In this period begin known the currency "real and doit", as a tool of the trade.
In the reign of King Corenelius Manoppo, the king of 16th (1832), Islam incoming Bolaang Mongondow's area through Gorontalo brought by Sharif Aloewi who married the daughter of the king in 1866. Because the king family embraced Islam, the religion of it regarded as a religion of the king, so most of the people embrace Islam and has influenced the cultural development in some aspects of public life. Approximately in 1867 all people of Bolaang Mongondow have become one in the language, customs, and practices that same (by NP Wilken and J.A.Schwarz).
On January 1, 1901, the Netherlands under the leadership of Controleur Anton Cornelius Veenhuizen with his troops forcibly even with violence tried to incoming to the Bolaang Mongondow through Minahasa, after their efforts through the ocean is not successful and this happened in the reign of the King Riedel Manuel Manoppo with the position of the king's palace in the village of Bolaang. The King Riedel Manuel Manoppo refused to accept the intervention of the governments by Netherlands, Netherlands inaugurating Datu Cornelis Manoppo became king and founded komalig (the king's palace) in Kotobangon in 1901. In 1904, the calculated the people of Bolaang Mongondow and totaled 41,417 souls. In 1906, through cooperation and agreement with the king of Bolaang Mongondow, W. Dunnebier try opening The common school with three classes run by Zending in a few villages, namely: The Nanasi village, Nonapan, Mariri Lama, Kotobangon, Moyag, Pontodon, Pasi, Popo Mongondow, Otam, Motoboi Besar, Kopandakan, Poyowa Kecil and Pobundayan with a total students as much as 1605 people, while teachers brought in from Minahasa. In 1937 a Gubernemen school was opened in Kotamobagu, which is Vervolg School (Secondary school) grades 4 and 5 that accommodate a alumnus of the common school 3 years of.
The capital of Bolaang Mongondow previously is located in one where at the foot of the mountain Sia' near Popo Mongondow with name Kotabaru. Because it is less strategic as the place of controleur, then sought to redeployment to Kotamobagu and the opening held in April 1911 by Controleur F. Junius who served in 1910-1915. In 1911 founded a hospital in the new capital city Kotamobagu. People begun to know modern treatment, but some are still maintaining and preserving the traditional treatment through the herbs that are efficacious and until now cultivated conventionally. From the beginning, people of Bolaang Mongondow know three different ways of life worked together that is still maintained and preserved until today, namely: Pogogutat (potolu adi'), Tonggolipu', Posad (mokidulu). The purpose of life worked together is equally, but the implementation is somewhat different ways. Hinterland residents who need a the salt or a forest products, will leave his village to the jungle looking for resins or to the coast of to cook the salt (modapug) and fishing. In search of sustenance, it is often they stayed a long time on the coast, then in addition to cook the salt they also open up gardens. Land they live on is called Totabuan which can be interpreted as a place to earn a living. When there are guests who visit at the time of empire, are usually served betel areca, male or female guests, especially the elderly. Betel areca put in kabela' (from this custom was created kabela dance as dance of pick up guests). Honored guests especially the officials be picked up with the traditional ceremonies. Kabela dance till today sustainably in the earth of Totabuan. Dance that is in Bolaang Mongondow are quite varied including traditional dances of Tayo Dance, Joke' Dance, Mosau Dance, Rongko Dance or Ragai Dance, Tuitan Dance; also dances new creations like Kabela Dance, Kalibombang Dance, Pomamaan Dance, Monugal Dance, Mokoyut dance, Kikoyog Dance and Mokosambe dance. Monibi ceremony last held in 1939 at Kotobangon village (place of the king's palace) and in the Matali village (burial place of kings and their descendants).
Transmigrants come to the Bolaang Mongondow first time in 1963 with the the amount of 1549 persons (349 patriarch) & placed in the village of Werdhi Agung. The next transmigrants placed village Kembang Mertha (1964), Mopuya (1972/1975), Mopugad (1973/1975), Tumokang (1971/1972), Sangkub (1981/1982), Onggunai (1983/1984), Torosik (1983 / 1984) and Pusian / Serasi (1992/1993).
After the proclamation of 17 August 1945, Bolaang Mongondow become part of the Province Sulawesi based in Makassar, then in 1953 by Government Regulations No.11 of 1953 North Sulawesi serve as an autonomous region level I. Bolaang Mongondow separated into autonomous regional level II began on 23 March 1954, since that time Bolaang Mongondow officially became an autonomous region that has the right to manage their own household based on PP No.24 Year 1954. For this reason, why every March 23 all of the people Bolaang Mongondow always celebrate it as the anniversary of Bolaang Mongondow. Along with Nuance Reformation and in the Regional Autonomy, has conducted the regional divisions with the formation of the North Bolaang Mongondow through Law RI No. 10 of 2007 and City of Kotamobagu through Law RI No. 4 of 2007 as the result of splitting of Bolaang Mongondow.
The main purpose the establishment Regency. North Bolmong and the City Kotamobagu is to advance the region, building the welfare of the people, to easier the ministry, and mobilize development to creat the welfare and prosperity totabuan people.
Source : bolmong.go.id